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Extramural Research Programs in the Neurosciences and Neurological Disorders

$16,614,134,822

Total Assistance, FY 2008 to Present
Agency: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF
Assistance Type: PROJECT GRANTS
CFDA Number
93.853

Objectives: (1) To support extramural research funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) including: basic research that explores the fundamental structure and function of the brain and the nervous system; research to understand the causes and origins of pathological conditions of the nervous system with the goal of preventing these disorders; research on the natural course of neurological disorders; research on mechanisms associated with stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders, effects of trauma to the nervous system, neuroplasticity and regeneration, and tumors of neural tissues; improved methods of disease prevention; new methods of diagnosis and treatment; clinical trials; drug development; development of neural prostheses for stroke and paraplegia; epidemiological research; and research training in clinical neuroscience. The Institute supports research on topics including but not limited to stroke; traumatic injury to the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system; neurodegenerative disorders; brain tumors; development of artificial prosthetic devices to restore function to the damaged nervous system; convulsive disorders; infectious disorders of the brain and nervous system; immune disorders of the brain and nervous system, including multiple sclerosis; disorders related to sleep; and pain. Programmatic areas, which are primarily supported by the Division of Neuroscience, also include neurodevelopment, repair and plasticity, channels synapses and circuits, neurogenetics, neurodegeneration, neural environment, and systems and cognitive neuroscience. Extramural research is also supported by the Office of Training and Workforce Development, the Office of Programs to Enhance Neuroscience Workforce Development, the Office of International Activities, the Division of Extramural Activities, the Division of Translational Research, the Division of Clinical Research. (2) To expand and improve the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. (3) To utilize the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program; to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. The NINDS also participates in the Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) Program, which is intended to provide research support to institutions currently having little support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) support.

 
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