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Extramural Research Programs in the Neurosciences and Neurological Disorders

$18,357,283,068

Total Assistance, FY 2008 to Present
Agency: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF
Assistance Type: PROJECT GRANTS
CFDA Number
93.853

Objectives: (1) To support extramural research funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) including: basic research that explores the fundamental structure and function of the brain and the nervous system; research to understand the causes and origins of pathological conditions of the nervous system with the goal of preventing these disorders; research on the natural course of neurological disorders; improved methods of disease prevention; new methods of diagnosis and treatment; drug development; development of neural devices; clinical trials; and research training in basic, translational and clinical neuroscience. The Institute is the largest funder of basic neuroscience in the US and supports research on topics including but not limited to: development of the nervous system, including neurogenesis and progenitor cell biology, signal transduction in development and plasticity, and programmed cell death; synapse formation, function, and plasticity; learning and memory; channels, transporters, and pumps; circuit formation and modulation; behavioral and cognitive neuroscience; sensorimotor learning, integration and executive function; neuroendocrine systems; sleep and circadian rhythms; and sensory and motor systems. In addition, the Institute supports basic, translational and clinical studies on a number of disorders of the nervous system including (but not limited to): stroke; traumatic injury to the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system; neurodegenerative disorders; movement disorders; brain tumors; convulsive disorders; infectious disorders of the brain and nervous system; immune disorders of the brain and nervous system, including multiple sclerosis; disorders related to sleep; and pain. Programmatic areas, which are primarily supported by the Division of Neuroscience, are also supported by the Division of Extramural Activities, the Division of Translational Research, the Division of Clinical Research, the Office of Training and Workforce Development, the Office of Programs to Enhance Neuroscience Workforce Development, and the Office of International Activities. (2) To expand and improve the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. To utilize the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program; to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.

 
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