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Environmental Health

$3,041,336,686

Total Assistance, FY 2008 to Present
Agency: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF
Assistance Type: PROJECT GRANTS
Popular Name: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
CFDA Number
93.113

Objectives: To foster understanding of human health effects of exposure to environmental agents in the hope that these studies will lead to: the identification of agents that pose a hazard and threat of disease, disorders and defects in humans; the development of effective public health or disease prevention strategies; the overall improvement of human health effects due to environmental agents; the development of products and technologies designed to better study or ameliorate the effects of environmental agents; and the successful training of research scientists in all areas of environmental health research. Supported grant programs focus on the following areas: (1) Understanding biological responses to environmental agents by determining how chemical and physical agents cause pathological changes in molecules, cells, tissues, and organs, and become manifested as respiratory disease, neurological, behavioral and developmental abnormalities, cancer, and other disorders; (2) Determining the mechanisms of toxicity of ubiquitous agents like metals, natural and synthetic chemicals, pesticides, and materials such as nanoparticles, and natural toxic substances, and their effects of on various human organ systems, on metabolism, on the endocrine and immune systems, and on other biological functions; (3) Developing and integrating scientific knowledge about potentially toxic and hazardous chemicals by concentrating on toxicological research, testing, test development, validation and risk estimation; (4) Identifying interactions between environmental stressors and genetic susceptibility and understanding biologic mechanisms underlying these interactions, including the study of environmental influences on epigenomics and transcriptional regulation; (5) Conducting environmental public health research, including in areas of environmental justice and health disparities, that requires communities as active participants in all stages of research, dissemination, and evaluation to advance both the science and the development of practical materials for use in communities, with a focus on translating research findings into tools, materials, and resources that can be used to prevent, reduce, or eliminate adverse health outcomes caused by environmental exposures; (6) Expanding and improving the SBIR program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation; (7) Expanding and improving the STTR program to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation; (8) Providing support for broadly based multi-disciplinary research and training programs in environmental health .These programs include the Environmental Health Sciences Core Centers , which serve as national focal points and resources for research and manpower development. Through these programs, NIEHS expects to achieve the long-range goal of developing new clinical and public health applications to improve disease prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. Additional Centers programs developed in recent years, include the Centers for Oceans and Human Health (co-funded with NSF), Children's Environmental Health Centers (co-funded with US EPA) and the Autism Centers of Excellence (co-funded with other NIH Institute

 
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