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Biological Basis Research in the Neurosciences


Total Assistance, FY 2008 to Present
Assistance Type: Project Grants; Project Grants (Cooperative Agreements).
Popular Name: Biological Basis Research in the Neurosciences
Assistance Listing Number

Objectives: To support biological basis research within the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) including: (1) neurological science basic research that explores the fundamental structure and function of the brain and the nervous system; (2) research to understand the causes and origins of pathological conditions of the nervous system with the goal of prevention of these disorders; (3) research on the natural course of neurological disorders; (4) research training in the basic neurological sciences; and (5) mechanisms associated with stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders, effects of trauma to the nervous system, neuroplasticity and regeneration, and tumors of neural and sensory tissues. Biological basis research is supported in four extramural programmatic areas within this Institute. The Division of Stroke, Trauma and Neurodegenerative Disease supports research on stroke, traumatic injury to the brain and nervous system, including traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, on neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, on brain tumors and on the development of artificial prosthetic devices to restore function to the damaged nervous system. The Division of Fundamental Neuroscience and Developmental Disorders supports research on fundamental cellular, molecular and systems neuroscience, developmental neurobiology, developmental disorders, and neurogenetics. The Division of Convulsive, Infectious, and Immune Disorders supports research on convulsive disorders, including epilepsy, infectious disorders of the brain and nervous system, including AIDS, immune disorders of the brain and nervous system, including multiple sclerosis, disorders related to sleep, and pain. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program: To expand and improve the SBIR Program; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to increase small business participation in Federal re