The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) is a non-profit, national member-based organization founded in 1958. AAPCC represents the 55 US poison centers. AAPCC owns and manages the National Poison Data System (NPDS), a database collating years of information and poisoning exposure calls placed to AAPCC member poison centers. NPDS has more than 74 million exposure case records and product-specific data on more than 447,000 products dating back to 1985. As an AAPCC requirement for poison center accreditation, a standardized subset of the data from each case is uploaded from the regional poison centers to NPDS in near real-time, about every 8 minutes. Each NPDS case contains information self-reported by patients or their healthcare providers.
NPDS is the only comprehensive poisoning exposure surveillance database in the U.S and is used to provide information on a variety of substances/products for research, health policy, and regulatory issues. NPDS is also used to detect and track poison exposure outbreaks across the country by methodologically searching for and analyzing exposure trends ranging from adverse drug events, chemical exposures, influenza, and food contamination to biological warfare agents.
The purpose of this NOFO is to allow CDC/DEHSP to access to NPDS data to conduct surveillance on exposure information collected by AAPCC and to provide timely and appropriate public health responses during an event of potential public health significance. Information contained in NPDS is critical to achieving this overall goal and the aforementioned objectives. AAPCC and CDC/DHESP long standing collaboration demonstrates the mutual commitment both organizations have to maintaining and improving NPDS capabilities, quality and utility. Another goal of this NOFO is to facilitate collaboration with DOP and health departments to help improve alerting tools for drug exposures and surveillance for emerging drug threats.
Both AAPCC and CDC/NCEH/DEHSP expect the following outcomes collaboration:
• Improved situational awareness and ability to investigate public health incidents.
• Increased collaboration of PCs, state and local public health agencies, healthcare systems, and emergency management agencies.
• Enhanced surveillance capacity of state and local public health agencies and public health professionals.
• Improved surveillance capabilities and overall functionality of NPDS for public health surveillance.
• Maintenance and increased quality improvement of the NPDS system and data collected.
• Enhanced technical capacity of using PC data for preparedness and response activities.
AAPCC and CDC/NCEH/DEHSP ongoing collaboration demonstrates mutual commitment to maintaining and improving NPDS capabilities, quality and utility.