The Houston Health Department (HHD) provides services to the most populous city in the State of Texas and the 4th largest city in the nation with a population size greater than 15 states. Houston is large not only in population but also in area. At 655 square miles, the City of Houston is larger than the cities of New York and Chicago combined. In addition to the approximately 2.3 million persons residing in Houston, an estimated 21.8 million domestic and international visits occurred in Houston in 2018, of which 80% were estimated to be overnight visits and 20% estimated to be day trips. Houston is home to the Texas Medical Center (TMC) the world's largest medical complex with approximately 10 million patient visits per year, over 25,000 babies delivered per year, 9,200 patient beds, and the world's largest children's and cancer hospitals. This along with two international airports, the Port of Houston and ranking high in international commerce increases the city's vulnerability to emerging infectious diseases.
The HHD ELC program will build and enhance epidemiology, laboratory, and health information systems capacity through applying for the following programs: A. Cross-Cutting Epidemiology and Laboratory capacity, B. ELC Leadership, Management and Administration, C: Health Information Systems Capacity, E: Cross-Cutting Emerging Issues, F: Foodborne, Waterborne, Enteric, and Environmentally Transmitted Diseases, G1/G2: Healthcare-associated Infections, Antibiotic Resistance, and Antibiotic Stewardship and the AR Laboratory Network, H: Vector-borne Disease, O: Enhanced Vaccine-Preventable Disease, Q: Influenza Surveillance and Diagnostic Testing, R: Non-Influenza Respiratory Diseases, and W: Infants with Congenital Exposure - Surveillance and Monitoring.