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Formula/Block & Entitlement, Discretionary Grants and Cooperative Agreements

In FY 2014 the Department of Health and Human Services administered more grant dollars than all other federal agencies combined. HHS awards formula/block, entitlement, discretionary grant awards and cooperative agreements. As of September 2014, HHS awarded approximately $402 billion in grants for FY 2014. This included $47 billion in discretionary awards and $355 billion in formula/block and entitlement awards.

Discretionary grants are those that permit the Federal Government, according to specific authorizing legislation, to exercise judgment, or “discretion” in selecting the applicant/recipient organization, through a competitive grant process. Formula/block grants and entitlement programs are those that a federal agency is required by authorizing statute to award, if the recipient, usually a state, submits an acceptable state plan or application, and meets the eligibility and compliance requirements of the statutory and regulatory provisions of the grant program. Entitlement programs are not subject to annual appropriations.

Cooperative agreements are legal instruments of financial assistance between a Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity and a non-Federal entity that, consistent with 31 U.S.C. 6302-6305: (1) Is used to enter into a relationship the principal purpose of which is to transfer anything of value from the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity to the non-Federal entity to carry out a public purpose authorized by a law of the United States (see 31 U.S.C. 6101(3)); and not to acquire property or services for the Federal Government or pass-through entity's direct benefit or use; (2) Is distinguished from a grant in that it provides for substantial involvement between the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity and the non-Federal entity in carrying out the activity contemplated by the Federal award.

CMS, which administers the Medicare and Medicaid Programs, awarded 77% ($310 billion) of the total HHS grants fund; however, these awards are less than 2% of the total number of grants awarded by HHS.

ACF had the second highest percentage of total HHS grant funds awarded at over 12%, or $50 billion. This represented about 10% of the total number of grants awarded. NIH, which awarded about 5%, or $22 billion, of the total HHS grant funds, accounted for 71% of the total number of HHS grants.

The following charts show HHS award history and the total grant awards and dollars for each OPDIV.

HHS Award History

The Total Award Amounts and Award Number chart shows the number of awards in thousands and the amount of award dollars in billions that HHS granted during the current and previous 5 fiscal years. The number of awards is shown in the blue bars. The award dollars are represented as gold bars. Data for the current fiscal year, at the far right of the chart, are depicted in brighter colors.

Hover over any bar to see a tool tip that shows award or dollar data.

In the legend, click on Number of Awards to see only the gold bars display in the chart. Click on Total Award Amount to see only the blue bars.

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HHS Total Awards

The two pie charts on this page contrast OPDIVs that spent the largest amount of FY 2014 grant funds against those OPDIVs awarding the largest number of FY 2014 grant awards.

As illustrated in the Total Award Amounts pie chart, CMS far exceeded all other OPDIVs in terms of grant dollars spent. In contrast, the Total Number of Awards pie chart indicates that NIH had the lion’s share of the number of grants awarded in FY 2014, followed by ACF and HRSA.

Total Award Amounts

The Total Award Amounts interactive pie chart compares the award dollars that each awarding agency made during the current fiscal year. Hover over each section of the chart to view the percentage of dollars that the selected agency’s grants comprised of all HHS agency grant dollars.

The chart’s segments can be rearranged. Click on and hold a segment and move the mouse in a circular motion.

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Total Number of Awards

The Total Number of Awards interactive pie chart compares the number of awards that each awarding agency made during the current fiscal year. Hover over each section of the chart to view the percentage of awards that the selected agency’s grants comprised of all HHS agency awards.

The chart’s segments can be rearranged. Click on and hold a segment and move the mouse in a circular motion.

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Awards by U.S. Location

The interactive U.S. map below shows total or discretionary awards and award dollars that HHS agencies granted by state for FY 2014, including U.S. Territories. . Mouse over a location to view award data. Hide or restore a location within a range of dollars by clicking on the colored boxes in the legend. Mouse over a state to view award data. Hide or restore states within a range of dollars by clicking on the colored boxes in the legend.

United States Territories: American Samoa (AS), Federal States Micronesia (FM), Guam (GU), Northern Mariana Islands (MH), Puerto Rico (PR), Republic of the Marshall Islands (MP), Republic of Palau (PW), Virgin Islands (VI).

Treemap - Non-discretionary Grant Program Awards

A treemap is a chart resembling the concentric circles of a “tree trunk,” that compares FY 2014 and FY 2013 non-discretionary grant program awards by Grantee Type, Grantee Class and Award activity, and displays grant information in several ways. It shows the number of dollars awarded for a type of grant in a fiscal year, the proportion of dollar awards for the type of grant in the current fiscal year, and how much the award dollar value changed from the previous fiscal year.

Select group or sub-group View:

View text only version of HHS Grants and Awards by CFDA Excelgreen Excel logo Treemap Help PDF Download Adobe PDF Reader

Treemap

The online version of this Annual Report uses various interactive charts to show these award comparisons. The data contained in these charts are substantial and best viewed in tables online.

A treemap is a chart resembling the concentric circles of a “tree trunk” that compares FY 2014 and FY 2013 non-discretionary grant program awards by Grantee Type, Grantee Class and Award activity, and displays grant information in several ways. It shows the number of dollars awarded for a type of grant in a fiscal year, the proportion of dollar awards for the type of grant in the current fiscal year, and how much the award dollar value changed from the previous fiscal year.