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Discretionary Award Types

Discretionary grants are those that permit the Federal Government, according to specific authorizing legislation, to exercise judgment, or “discretion” in selecting the applicant/recipient organization, through a competitive grant process.

Discretionary grants commonly support activities such as demonstration, research, training, service, and construction projects or programs. Discretionary grants are sometimes referred to by the CFDA term “Project Grants.”

Based on the HHS mission, grant program descriptions, and the CFDA guidelines, the TAGGS system uses 16 activity types to characterize the nature of the grant being funded. For the purpose of this report, these 16 have been grouped into four major activity types (Research, Services, Training, and Other). HHS OPDIVs self-select the activity type for awards based on the primary purpose of the grant.

The chart below shows the number of awards and award dollars that HHS agencies granted organized by the four Major Activity Types – Research, Services, Training, and Other. The chart contains rings, with summary data shown at the center. Drill down to more detail by mousing over the outer rings.

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